Prevalence and Risk Factors of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Tehsil Muslim Bagh District Killa-Saifullah, Balochistan, Pakistan

Authors

  • Zafar Ullah Cadet College Killa Saifullah Department of Education Government of Balochistan, Pakistan
  • Sana Ullah Department of Zoology, University of Balochistan Quetta
  • Baz Muhammad Department of Paeds Medicine, Bolan Medical Complex and Hospital (BMCH), Quetta. Pakistan.
  • Jahangheer Khan Center of Advanced Studies of Vaccinology and Biotechnology (CASVAB) University, of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan.
  • Ejaz-ul-Haq Department of Education Government of Balochistan, Pakistan.
  • Gohar Shah Department of Education Government of Balochistan, Pakistan.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10643560

Keywords:

Tehsil Muslim Bagh, Prevalence and Risk, Factors, Cutaneous, Leishmaniasis

Abstract

The study, which examined the occurrence of cutaneous leishmaniasis in people living in Tehsil Muslim Bagh’s districts, was conducted between September 2018 and April 2019. Blood samples and skin lesions were used to identify positive cases after suspects were screened for the illness. Samples were mounted so that their trace could be seen. 207 individuals of various ages and sexes were examined in total, however, only 192 (92%) of the suspected cases had the illness verified. A significant portion of patients, 64 percent, were male. The lesion was observed in young people aged 21 to 30 more frequently (31%) than in other groups. In comparison to cheeks (15%), arms (45% male + 20% female), or cheeks (20% male + 0% female), legs were shown to be more infected in both sexes. In the mixed sample, the least contaminated body parts were (4% in males and 5% in females). The most common district for Cutaneous Leishmaniasis was determined to be District East (23.2% male + 8.8% female), followed by District West (10.7% male + 4.3% female), District Central (6.8% male + 5.2% female), District (Nisai) (4.4% male + 6.6% female), and District South (3.8% male + 4.2% female) based on samples from various villages in the Muslim Bagh region.

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Published

2024-02-04
CITATION
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.10643560
Published: 2024-02-04

How to Cite

Zafar Ullah, Sana Ullah, Baz Muhammad, Jahangheer Khan, Ejaz-ul-Haq, & Gohar Shah. (2024). Prevalence and Risk Factors of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Tehsil Muslim Bagh District Killa-Saifullah, Balochistan, Pakistan. Pakistan’s Multidisciplinary Journal for Arts & Science, 5(1), 26–40. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10643560

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