Assessment Study 0f Lipids, Protein, Calcium, and Carbohydrates of Human and Dairy Milk in Tehsil, Quetta
Keywords:Dairy Milk, Heavy, Calcium, Carbohydrates, Mammalian, Nutrition
The main aim of the present study was to compare the composition analysis of chemical contents found in human (mother) and cow (dairy) milk. The study was conducted in the Bolan medical complex hospital (BMCH), Quetta, Balochistan province, Pakistan within nine months' duration from April 2018 to November 2018. Five samples of breastfeeding mother’s milk and five samples of cow milk from different dairy farms were taken for in vivo assessment. The quantity of protein, carbohydrates, lipids, and calcium samples was determined in a laboratory at the Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR), Sariab, Quetta. Result revealed the proportion of protein in cow milk found to be 3.11 %, and in human milk was measured to be only one percent. The proportion of carbohydrates observed was 8.67 % in human milk, while its share in cow milk was noted to be 4.38 %. The percentage of fats in human and cow milk was 5.18 and 5.18 percent respectively. In human milk, the amount of calcium observed was 498.38 mg/L, and in the category of cow milk, a total of 912.70 mg/L calcium was recorded. The present study concluded that cow milk is a more enriched source of proteins and calcium. While human milk contains a high proportion of carbohydrates and fats.