Hard Tick Infestation on Domestic Sheep in District Kalat, Balochistan


  • Mushtaq Ahmed Department of Zoology University of Balochistan
  • Zahida Malik Department of Zoology University of Balochistan
  • Sadia Zahoor Department of Zoology University of Balochistan




Ticks, Infestation, Hyalomma, Anatolicum, Sheep, Kalat


Hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and their associated haemopathogens must be understood to assess the risk of pathogen exposure in people and animals. There is still a lack of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) to eliminate ticks and tick-borne diseases (TBDs) in Pakistan. In this study, farmers and ranchers in District Kalat, Balochistan, were interviewed about their concept of ticks and tick-borne diseases. A random questionnaire was distributed to farmers and ranchers, as well as face-to-face structured interviews. Hyalomma anatolicum, Hyalomma dromedarii, Rhipicephalus microplus and Rhipicephalus sanguineus were morphological identified. In spite of their extensive outdoor experience, farmers and ranchers often lack an understanding of ticks and the diseases they carry. A result of these circumstances is the failure of successful management strategies in the study area. Therefore, it is essential to carry out a nationwide survey to update the data presented in this research.


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DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7563858
Published: 2023-04-16

How to Cite

Mushtaq Ahmed, Zahida Malik, & Sadia Zahoor. (2023). Hard Tick Infestation on Domestic Sheep in District Kalat, Balochistan . Pakistan’s Multidisciplinary Journal for Arts & Science, 4(01), 35 –. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7563858