Gut Analysis of RITA. rita (Hamilton, 1822) From Fish Market of Quetta City, Balochistan Pakistan




Rita, Fish, Gastronomic, Gut Analysis, Bagridae, Balochistan


Rita rita is commonly known as rita and belong to the family bagridae. This fish is widely spread Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan. Samples of fish were taken between January and December 2022 at the Quetta local fish market. About 260 fish samples were dissected to determine the gut analysis. Volumetric and Frequency occurrence method was used to determine the gut analysis. The gut fullness and gastronomic index were also calculated. All the guts noted the seasonal variations. There were around of 41 (14.28%) stomachs were empty, 63 (23.21%) were three quarter, 46 (16.07%) were full, and half guts were 62 (28.59%). The gut fullness on a monthly basis in month of January 80%, February (75%), March (72%), April (70%), June (60%), July (65%), August (70%), September (79%), October (87%), November (88%) and December (85%) respectively. Gastronomic symptoms peaked in the months of October and December, while June had the lowest levels. During the current study following gut contents were recorded such as Fishes 25.22% and 26.31%, Phytoplankton 14.21% and 12.22%, Zooplankton 11.10% and 13.50%, Crustacean 9.33% and 11.26%, Insects 8.41% and 10.29%, Plecoptra 6.88% and 8.11%, Hemiptera 7.12% and 6.22%, Coleoptera 5.24% and 5.22%, Mud and Sand 5.33 %and 4.19%, Miscellaneous 2.99% and 1.24%, Leaves 2.38% and 1.12%, Aquatic weeds 1.02% and 0.21% and Algae 0.77% and 0.11% by occurrence and volumetric respectively. This would be the first study conducted on the gut analysis of Rita rita from Local fish Market. The current study concluded that the fish is omnivorous.




Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Surayya Abdul Baqi, Department of Zoology, University of Balochistan Quetta



Wali Muhammad Achakzai, Department of Zoology, University of Balochistan Quetta




Bella Dabre . Ink, W.l. and Fınk, s.v., 1979. Biochem. Physiol., 62(A): 13–29. Checklist of Freshwater fishes of Pakistan. Pakistan. J. Zool. Suppl. 3: 1-30.

Habits of some catfishes of Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan. J. Zool., 35(1): 74-78.

Hist.Soc., 37: 657-662.

HTNew and Noteworthy Venezuelan Glanapterygine Catfishes (Siluriformes, Trichomycteridae), with Discussion of Their Biogeography and PsammophilyTH. American Museum Novitates, 3496: 1-27.

Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwater, 4: 309-342.

Ichthyology. 2nd Ed, John Wiley and Sons. New York. pp506.

ISLAM, A., 1951. The comparative history of the alimentary canal of certain freshwater.

KHAN, H., 1934. Habits and habitats of food fishes of the Punjab, J. Bombay Nat.


Manaus, Brazil. NELSON, J.S., 2006. Fishes of the World. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

MIRZA, M.R. AND SHARIF, H.M., 1996. A key to the fishes of Punjab. Polymer

NELSON, J.A., 1999. Comparisn of metabolism in two species of Panapue (Loricariidae). In: Biology of Tropical Fishes (eds. A.L, Val and V.M. Almedia INPA,

Publication, Lahore. pp 1-32 MIRZA, M.R., 2003.

SANDHU, I.A. AND LONE, K.P., 2003. Seasonal variation in the food and feeding

SANDHU, I.A., 2000. Comparative Anatomical and Histological Studies of the Gastrointestinal Tract of Some Freshwater Catfishes in Relation to their Food (Pisces:

SCHAEFER, S. A AND STEWARD, D.J., 1993. Systematic of Panaque dentex species group (Siliurformes: Loricariidae)wood eating armo from tropical south America.

SHRESTHA, T.K., 1990. Rare fishes of Himalayan Waters of Nepal. J. Fish Biol. 37 (Supplement A): 213- 216.

SILVERSTEIN, J.T. AND SHIMMA, H. 1994. Effectof restricted feeding on early maturation in female and male amago salmon, Oncorhyncus masou Ishikawae. J.Fish Biol. 45: 133-135.

Siluriformes). Ph.,D Thesis. Department of Zoology University of the Punjab, Lahore. Pp 278.

TAYLOR, J.B., HARGREAVES, J., TUCKER, C AND KINGSBURY, S. 1999. Influence on daily fluctuation in feeding activity of pond raised channel catfish. Abstract. Aquaculture America 1999. Tempa, EL. teleost fishes. Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci., 33(B): 297-321.

Tschaefer, S.A., Provenzano, F.D., Pınna, M. and Baskın, J.N., 2005. U.K. pp. 350.



DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7907441
Published: 2023-05-09

How to Cite

Surayya Abdul Baqi, & Wali Muhammad Achakzai. (2023). Gut Analysis of RITA. rita (Hamilton, 1822) From Fish Market of Quetta City, Balochistan Pakistan. Pakistan’s Multidisciplinary Journal for Arts & Science, 4(02), 23–32.